We've all heard it time and time again: "you must wear sunscreen everyday!" The beauty gods will harp on this until the cows come home, but the truth is, it's actually REALLY GOOD advice. A harsh reality is that 90% of all skin aging is caused by sun exposure. Sunscreen can be a pain, and the typically thick goopy stuff you've grown up with clogs your pores just by looking at it. But it's 2018 ladies (and gentleman) and the realm of sunscreen has become far more advanced than you're used to. Many cosmetics and CC creams have sunscreen built in, so there's no excuse to not protect the largest organ in our body that just so happens to be exposed to the sun every single day. If you're going to be wearing makeup anyway, why not go the extra preventative mile and cut down on aging from sun exposure while you're at it!
1 in 5 people will develop skin cancer in their lifetime. This is scary, but true. The lucky thing is though-it's entirely preventable. All skin types need sunscreen, even if you don't burn easily or burn at all, and the sun's rays are just as present in the winter, fall and spring as they are in the summer. In the morning, before applying makeup (or after if you prefer, sunscreen can sit on top on underneath makeup and work effectively) apply a nickel-sized dollop of sunscreen on your face and 1 oz (or a shot glass full) for full body coverage (but the more the merrier, you can never have too much!) You should re-apply every two hours for optimum protection, and especially if you are swimming or sweating. The most crucial time for sunscreen is between the hours of 10am and 4pm because this is when the sun is at its strongest. The SPF number that you see on the label of sunscreen is the strength of UVB protection. Anything over 50 is false advertising, and and no matter what the number is, you should still re-apply every two hours. The SPF protection breakdown is as follows: SPF 15 blocks 93% OF UVBs, SPF 30 blocks 97% of UVBs and SPF 50 blocks 98% of UVBs. If you are worried about depleting your body of precious vitamin D from the sun, don't worry, it only takes about 5 minutes of sun exposure to get your vitamin D for the day! Unicorn Snot has a super cute new line of holographic glitter sunscreens so you wont miss out on any fabulosity while protecting your skin from the suns rays.
When choosing a sunscreen, you want to be sure you are choosing a "broad spectrum" sunscreen. These protect against UVB and UVA rays. UVBs cause sunburn, but UVA penetrate deep below the skin's surface which can lead to signs of aging and skin cancer. We are huge fans of Supergoop products, and all of them are broad spectrum! There are many products to choose from, so you are sure to find something that fits your lifestyle and beauty routine without compromising sun protection.
There are two different types on sunscreens out there: Chemical vs. Physical. Physical sunscreens contain active mineral ingredients, such as titanium dioxide or zinc oxide. These deflect the harmful UV rays away from the skin, sometimes referred to as asphysical blockers. Physical sunscreen also protects against both UVB and UVA (making it broad spectrum) and it has a longer shelf life. If you have heat activated skin, or sensitive skin prone to breakouts, physical sunscreens are less likely to irritate skin and clog pores. These types of sunscreens do tend to be thicker though, so they will take more effort to rub in, and it might not be the best choice if you are applying makeup over top of your sunscreen.
Chemical sunscreens contain carbon-based compounds, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate, octisalate and avobenzone. These organic chemicals create a reaction by absorbing the UV rays and then changing them into heat, then releasing that heat from the skin. These types of sunscreens tend to be thinner and are easily worn under makeup.
Both chemical and physical sunscreens will provide adequate protection if generously re-applied throughout the day. The decision is up to you and what works best with your routine/skin type. Mineral powder sunscreens make re-applying super easy if you're on the go, we like this one from Supergoop.
Posted by Liz Venuto